How do you repair windows entirely using your Windows Vista DVD

Discussion in 'Windows Vista Performance' started by Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert, Oct 13, 2007.

  1. I would like to know how to repair Windows Vista entirely by using my
    Windows Vista disc, and still saving all my data, (files and programs).

    Can someone please explain this to me, thanks

    Thank you,

    Have a nice day,

    Jonathan Yaniv
    Microsoft Windows LiveT Butterfly Expert
    Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert, Oct 13, 2007
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  2. Read here: "How to Perform a Windows XP Repair Install"

    But the way you ask makes it appear that you think this is a magical
    panacea to fix everything. Be aware that it is *not*; it solves *some*
    problems, and does nothing for others.

    A repair installation normally does not affect your data or programs.
    But you should also be aware that there are no guarantees that it
    always works perfectly. However unlikely, it's always possible that
    something might go wrong. For that reason it's prudent to be sure you
    have a backup of anything you can't afford to lose before beginning.
    Ken Blake, MVP, Oct 13, 2007
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  3. Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert

    Rick Rogers Guest


    You don't, you install to a new folder without formatting. Programs will
    have to be reinstalled afterwards, but data can be recovered from the old
    user profiles under windows.old. Vista does not have the repair install
    function that XP did.
    Rick Rogers, Oct 13, 2007
  4. Insert your Windows Vista DVD, make sure your BIOS setting is set to boot
    from the optical disk
    Boot from the Vista DVD into the Windows Recovery Environment
    Choose your language settings, and then click Next.
    Click Repair your computer link on the setup page.
    Select the operating system you want to repair, and the click Next.
    Click Startup Repair
    Andre Da Costa [ActiveWin], Oct 13, 2007
  5. Will it reinstall all the audio files, such as the Windows Audio service and
    Multimedia system files?

    Thank you,

    Have a nice day,

    Jonathan Yaniv
    Microsoft Windows LiveT Butterfly Expert
    Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert, Oct 13, 2007
  6. And that will fix ALL Windows Vista files??

    Thank you,

    Have a nice day,

    Jonathan Yaniv
    Microsoft Windows LiveT Butterfly Expert
    Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert, Oct 13, 2007
  7. Not guaranteed. I recommend running setup over the existing installation, it
    should carry over your existing settings, files and programs.
    Andre Da Costa [ActiveWin], Oct 13, 2007

  8. And my apologies for stating that it did. I wasn't paying enough
    attention, and thought the post was about XP.
    Ken Blake, MVP, Oct 13, 2007
  9. Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert

    Chad Harris Guest


    These are some of these methods to fix Vista. There is no downside to
    trying them, and MSFT did a great disservice when they incorrectly named
    "Startup Repair" and state that it is only for problems that involve Vista
    not booting. It potentially can fix major components of Vista that are
    broken when you can boot as well.

    ***SFC as a Remedy***:

    SFC or System File Checker is a bit like the spare tire in your car or a
    backup battery I suppose. In Vista of course, they have changed it somewhat
    and come up with a new name--Redmond stands for name it something different
    twice a year and now it's part of WRP or Windows Resource Protection. It
    scans protected resources including thousands of files, libraries, critical
    folders, and essential registry keys, and it replaces those that are
    corrupted with intact ones. It fixes a lot of problems in Windows XP, OE,
    Windows Vista, Win Mail, IE6, and on Vista or if it is installed on XP, IE7.
    It protects these things from changes by any source including
    administrators, by keeping a spare of most of them.

    How to Run SFC:

    Type "cmd" into the Search box above the Start Button>and when cmd comes up
    at the top of the Start menu>right click cmd and click "run as Admin" and
    when the cmd prompt comes up at the cmd prompt type "sfc /scannow" no quotes
    and let it run. This may fix things quite a bit. It replaces corrupt files
    with intact ones, if you're not familiar with it.

    ***Startup Repair from the Vista DVD***

    How to Use The Vista DVD to Repair Vista (Startup Repair is misnamed by the
    Win RE team and it can be used to fix many Vista components even when you
    ***can boot to Vista):

    If you elect to run Startup repair from the Vista DVD (it can fix major
    components in Vista--I've verified this many many times; it's good for more
    than startup problems, and the Win RE team simply screwed up when they named
    it not understanding its full functionality):

    Startup Repair will look like this when you put in the Vista DVD:

    You run the startup repair tool this way (and system restore from here is
    also sometimes effective):

    How To Run Startup Repair In Vista Ultimate (Multiple Screenshots)

    It will automatically take you to this on your screen:

    That will allow you to go to the Vista setup that has a Repair link on
    thelower left corner>click it and then you'll see a gray backgrounded list
    and I want you to click Startup Repair from it and follow the directions.

    The gray screen after you click the first link in the above pic will look
    like this:

    Click Startup Repair, the link at the top and after it scans>click OK and
    let it try to repair Vista. It will tell you if it does, and if it
    doesn't, try System Restore from the Recovery Link on the DVD. If these
    don't work booting into Safe Mode by tapping the F8 key and using System
    Restore from one of the safe modes besides VGA may work. That means you
    have the option to try 4 different safe modes to get to system restore, (one
    from the Recovery link on the DVD) and sometimes one will work when the
    others won't.

    You could also try a Repair Install with Vista which is done exactly the
    same way as in XP:

    ***Repair Install Steps*** (can be used for Vista) MVP Doug Knox

    ***Using the F8 Environment***

    ***Taking Full Advantage of the F8 Options (Windows Advanced Options Menu)
    by starting the PC and tapping F8 once per second when the firmware screen
    with the pc manufacturer's name shows a few seconds after restarting***:

    The F8 options in Vista are the same as XP, and the link for Safe Mode Boot
    options is labled XP by MSFT but they are the same for Vista (they haven't
    updated to add Vista to the title as they have with several MSKBs that apply
    to both).

    Again, pressing F8 repeatedly when you seem the firmware screen may be is a
    generic way to launch Windows RE on some OEM Vista computers.

    You could also:

    Think: I have 4 different ways to get back my XP at F8 and try 'em in order.
    1) Safe Mode 2) Safe Mode with Cmd to Sys Restore which is simply a cmd
    prompt in safe mode 3) Safe Mode with Neworking 4) LKG or Last Known Good

    Try to F8 to the Windows Adv Options Menu>try 3 safe modes there (I don't
    use WGA) and Last Known Good>then I go to Win RE in Vista. That gives you a
    choice of Safe Mode, Safe Mode with Networking,and Safe Mode with Command

    These methods are outlined in

    A description of the Safe Mode Boot options in Windows XP/and Vista

    Frequently Asked Questions Regarding System Restore from MSFT:

    System Restore can be run from the Win RE recovery environment from the same
    link as Startup Repair, and sometimes it will work from one F8 safe mode
    location or from the Win Recovery Environment when it won't work from other

    How to start the System Restore tool at a command prompt in Windows XP;en-us;304449

    In addition you can use the Bootsect tool to manually repair the boot sector
    by accessing the command prompt from the DVD or from F8 and typing at the

    Bootsect.exe is available from the \Boot\folder of the Windows Vista DVD and
    can be run from within System Recovery or Windows XP on a dual boot.

    1. Use Bootsect.exe to restore the Windows Vista MBR and the boot code that
    transfers control to the Windows Boot Manager program. To do this, type the
    following command at a command prompt: Drive:\boot\Bootsect.exe /NT60 All

    In this command, Drive is the drive where the Windows Vista installation
    media is located.

    Note The boot folder for this step is on the DVD drive.
    2. Use Bcdedit.exe to manually create an entry in the BCD Boot.ini file for
    the earlier version of the Windows operating system. To do this, type the
    following commands at a command prompt.

    Note In these commands, Drive is the drive where Windows Vista is
    installed. . Drive:\Windows\system32\Bcdedit /create {ntldr} -d "Description
    for earlier Windows version"

    Note In this command, Description for earlier Windows version can be any
    text that you want. For example, Description for earlier Windows version can
    be "Windows XP" or "Windows Server 2003".
    .. Drive:\Windows\system32\Bcdedit /set {ntldr} device partition=x:

    Note In this command, x: is the drive letter for the active partition.
    .. Drive:\Windows\system32\Bcdedit /set {ntldr} path \ntldr
    .. Drive:\Windows\system32\Bcdedit /displayorder {ntldr} -addlast

    3. Restart the computer.
    ******Using the BootRec.exe Tool

    Using the System Recovery Tool from the Repair link on the DVD after the
    language choice in the lower left hand corner you can select command prompt
    and you have the following options:

    Bootrec.exe (You can use this tool to recover Vista even when you do not
    receive the error message that is the title of the 2nd linked MSKB below):

    How to use the Bootrec.exe tool in the Windows Recovery Environment to
    troubleshoot and repair startup issues in Windows Vista

    Error message when you start Windows Vista: "The Windows Boot Configuration
    Data file is missing required information"

    Good luck,

    Chad Harris, Oct 13, 2007
  10. Thanks Chad!

    Wow, that I didn't know... yes, I thought "Startup repair" was only to fix

    I will try that definitely!!!

    If that doesn't work, will upgrading vista ontop of vista work?

    That wont delete any of my files, programs, or mess up the registry

    Thank you,

    Have a nice day,

    Jonathan Yaniv
    Microsoft Windows LiveT Butterfly Expert
    Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert, Oct 14, 2007
  11. Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert

    Chad Harris Guest


    I haven't needed to do a repair install of Vista, but doing a repair install
    might work which is not the same as upgrading Vista on top of Vista. Try
    Startup Repair first, and system restore can be tried from that link on the
    DVD and other places at F8. Sometimes SR works at one location and not at
    another with the same restore point. You could give it a try following the
    links I put under Repair Install if you need to. You won't lose files, or
    programs, or mess up the registry with any of these methods.

    Not to be superfluous, but I hope you're backing up. I and a lot of other
    people here recommend and Use Acronis and it has a free trial--just google
    for Acronis Home 10 free trial.

    Good luck,

    Chad Harris, Oct 14, 2007
  12. Is repair install faster?

    Thank you,

    Have a nice day,

    Jonathan Yaniv
    Microsoft Windows LiveT Butterfly Expert
    Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert, Oct 14, 2007
  13. Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert

    uvbogden Guest

    Here is my list of serious Vista repair options with how-to links provided:

    Serious Repair Vista Options-In Order Of Preference

    1. Specific Applications/Devices Not Working. Try updating and/or
    reinstalling your drivers for the application or device not working properly.
    Go to Control Panel, select Device Manager, then select the device,
    right-click and select Update Driver Software. You may need to go to the
    website where you bought your computer (i.e. Dell) or to the specific
    software vendor for an updated driver. If you end up doing a Vista Upgrade
    Repair Reinstall, you may have to reinstall some of your drivers as well
    after the reinstallation.

    2. Run CheckDisk Error Checking. This will fix many errors on your system.

    3. Do a System Restore. Restore from a date before you started having

    4. Run System File Check. This can repair many corrupted system files.
    It will also identify in the log file after the scan any corrupt files it
    could not repair. You can replace corrupt system files identified by SFC
    with good files from your Vista Install DVD (see below).

    5. Run Vista DVD Startup Repair. Startup Repair can repair lots of things,
    not just startup.

    6. Access System Files From Your Vista Install DVD. If SFC (above)
    identified corrupt system files that it could not repair, access good files
    from your Vista DVD and copy them to your OS to replace the corrupt files.

    7. Do a Vista Upgrade Repair Reinstall. This gives you a new OS without
    disturbing settings, files, folders, other programs, etc.

    8. Do a Clean Install. If all else fails, do a Clean Install of Vista.
    This will reformat your hard drive and lay down a nice, clean Windows Vista
    so you can start over from the beginning. Be sure to Backup your Non-OS
    files and folders to another hard drive or other media so you can restore
    them to your C drive after the Clean Install.

    9. Downgrade. If none of the above helps, consider downgrading to Windows
    XP or buying a Mac.
    uvbogden, Oct 14, 2007
  14. Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert

    Spirit Guest

    Spirit, Oct 15, 2007
  15. Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert

    Arne Guest



    Make sure you have at least two partitions on the hard drive. Use the C
    partition for the OS and put all of the documents on the other partition. If
    the entire Vista OS has to be reinstalled, that will only effect the C
    partition. Everything that is stored on the other partition will be not be
    changed. Once Vista is reinstalled, all the programs will also have to be
    reinstalled, but at least the documents that have been produced by the
    programs will be safe.

    Set aside an entire day if Vista has to be reinstalled.


    Arne, Oct 15, 2007
  16. Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert

    Mr. T. Guest

    Ken, Why are you attempting to put this person through such a hard time? A
    very quick and precise method would be to simply open a DOS window with
    Administrator rights and then type SFC /scannow and let the operating
    system reinstall itself
    Mr. T., Oct 17, 2007
  17. Jonathan Yaniv- Windows Live Butterfly Expert

    Philly_Dave Guest

    Question: When one refers to the Windows Vista CD or DVD to do the Vista
    repair, what if the only CD you have is the Windows Anytime Upgrade that came
    with my new computer. Will Windows Vista repair run from this disc? If so,
    what's the protocol to get it started? Dave
    Philly_Dave, Feb 12, 2008
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